Samos is a verdant island with beautiful beaches, traditional villages, significant archaeological sites and famous wine, with an area of 500sq. km, a coastline of 105km and a population of 34,000 people.
Samos is the homeland of many philosophers and mathematicians of antiquity such as Epicure, Aristarchus and Pythagoras. The Phoenicians first gave the island its name, Samos, which in the Phoenician language means "tall".
The Karians named it Nissi ton Makaron, while there have been other denominations as well, such as Pathenia, Imvrassia, Anthemis, Droyousa, Doryssa, Fyllas, and others. Later the Pelasgians brought the worship of Hera to the island. According to mythology, Hera was born on the banks of the Imvrassos River and was considered protector of Samos.
Around 1300 BC the Argonaut Agaios from Cephalonia brought a wooden statue of Hera, placed it in Heraion and taught the residents of Samos the cultivation of vines. The island reached its utmost peak during the 7th and the 6th centuries BC. It was conquered by the Persians, the Romans, the Venetians and the Turks, and went into decline. It was deserted and then re-inhabited in the 16th century, and in 1832 "Samos hegemony" was established. Under this regime, a Ruler appointed by the Sultan governed the island. It was annexed to Greece in 1912.