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Home  /  Where to go  /  Religion  /  Churches

Churches

Churches, places intended to meet the needs of Christian worshipping, are a characteristic and inseparable element of the Greek landscape. From austere, aisle-less chapels to magnificent cross-in-square types, churches follow specific architectural forms that were gradually established since the first centuries of Christianity and after. Their decoration -whether paintings, mosaic or other- always reflects Orthodox doctrine, following specific style trends and established iconographic programs.
Over the centuries, renowned architects, builders or painters have contributed to the construction and adornment of the Greek churches, many of which are now preserved monuments.

Church in Sifnos

The oldest churches in Greece, the more significant being those in Thessaloniki, Nea Anchialos, Nikopolis, Athens and Corinth, date back to the Early Byzantine Period (4th - 6th Century A.D.).

During this period, important Ancient Greek temples, such as the Parthenon, the Erechtheion or the “Thission” in Athens, were converted into and functioned as churches, while many Christian churches were built near to or on the sites of known idolatry centers (e,g. Daphni, Elefsina, Delphi, Epidavros, Delos). Churches were also built on sites relating to persons or events that were important to Christians, such as the burial sites of martyrs.

Greek churches acquired an intensely local character during the Middle Byzantine Period (7th C. - 1204 A.D.) and were quite different from corresponding monuments in Constantinople. The more notable ones are situated in Attica, Viotia, Argolida, Mani, etc. Some of these are the katholicons or main churches of the monasteries they belong to.

The churches of the Late Byzantine Period (1204-1453) continue to follow traditional architectural models. Some of the most significant churches built during that period have been preserved in Arta, Veroia, Kastoria, Thessaloniki and Mystras Churches constructed after this period in regions under Frankish or Venetian occupation adopted quite a few western elements – architectural or decorative.

Churches built in Greece during the Ottoman occupation are especially austere. Exceptions to this were churches situated in areas under Venetian or generally Western influence (Crete, Ionian Islands). After the War of Independence, the economic recession did not allow the construction of ostentatious churches. An exception to this rule is the Metropolis of Athens, built in the middle of the 19th C. in order to function as the cathedral church in the capital of the newly-established Greek State. However, there was a new rise in ecclesiastical architecture from the end of the 19th C. and especially during the beginning of the 20th C.

 

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Results
ATTICA
Aghios Dimitrios, Aghios Dionysios, Aghios Georgios, Aghios Ioannis Kalyvitos, Aghios Minas, Aghios Nikolaos, Thalassinos, Aghios Petros, Church of Panaghia, Eisodia tis Theotokou (Presentation of the Holy Mother), Metamorphosis, Panaghia (Holy Mother) of Bosko, Ypapantoula

CHANIA
Churches in Chania

CORFU (KERKYRA)
Aghios Spiridonas, Churches in Paxi, Churches of Corfu

CYCLADES
Churches in Koufonisia, Churches in Mykonos, Churches - Ios, Churches of Naxos, Panagia Kanala, Panayia of Tinos, Sightseeing Folegandros, Sightseeing Milos

DODECANESE
Churches of Kos

DRAMA
Churches - Prefecture of Drama

EVIA
Aghios Georgios Monastery

EVROS
Churches - Prefecture of Evros

EVRYTANIA
Panaghia Prousiotissa

FOKIDA
Churches of Amfissa, Evaggelistria Metropolitan church

IMATHIA
Churches - Imathia Prefecture

IOANNINA
Filanthropinon Monastery

KARDITSA
Churches of Karditsa

KASTORIA
Churches in Kastoria

KEFALONIA
Churches of Kefalonia

KILKIS
Aghios Georgios church

LEFKADA
Churches of Lefkada

MAGNESIA
Churches of Skopelos

RODOPI
Churches - Prefecture of Rodopi

THESPROTIA
Aghios Dimitrios Kaminiou Monastery, Aghios Georgios Kamitsianis Holy Monastery, Aghios Minas Kokkinolithariou Holy Monastery, Kimisi tis Theotokou (the Assumption of the Virgin Mary) Giromeriou Holy Monastery, Koimisi Theotokou Ragiou Holy Monastery, Paganion Monastery, Panagia Paramithias Holy Monastery, Residences of anchoret - Thesprotia Prefecture

THESSALONIKI
Churches - Prefecture of Thessalonica, Churches - Thessaloniki

TRIKALA
Churches of Trikala

VIOTIA
Aghia Paraskevi church

XANTHI
Churches in the Old Town of Xanthi, Metochi (Dependency of) Vatopediou monastery, Panaghia Archangeliotissa

ZAKYNTHOS
Churches of Zante

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