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Home  /  Where to go  /  Nature  /  Forests

Forests

Forests comprise 25.4% of the total area of Greece, making it the fourth largest country in Europe with respect to forest resources. The majority of the Greek forests are natural and not technical. They are characterized as Mediterranean. These are ecosystems that have adapted to dry, hot summers and cold winters. Oak trees have developed in the Mediterranean and Circum Mediterranean zone, while acorns grow in the Thessaly plain where the soil is more fertile. We will also come across types of trees that have spread throughout Europe, such as the pine (Pinus silvestris), the spruce (Picea abies), and the beech (Fagus sylvatica). The fauna in the Greek forests are characterized by high biodiversity. Other than the numerous kinds of birds, reptiles and insects, there is also a remarkable variety of mammals which live in the Greek forests, with the most notable being the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the wildcat (Felis silvestris), the jackal (Canis aureus), the wolf (Canis lupus) and the badger (Meles meles).

National Parks

National Parks are proclaimed (natural regions) and their boundaries specified by Presidential Decree, based on Legislative Decree 996/1971, with a total area of 68,732 hectares, of which 34,378 hectares comprise the core. They are as follows:  

Name

Prefecture

Island

Hectares

Ainos

Kefalonia

Kefalonia

2862

Vikos - Aoos

Ioannina

-

9300

Lefka Ori (Samaria Gorge)

(Chania)

Crete

4850

Oiti

Fthiotida

-

3010

Olympos

Pieria

-

3988

Parnassos

Fokida, Boiotia

-

3513

Parnitha

Attica

-

3812

Sounio

Attica

-

2750

Pindos

Ioannina

-

3534

Prespes

Florina

-

4900

Aesthetic forests

Aesthetic forests (a total of 19), with a total area of 33,109 hectares, have been demarcated based on L.D. 996/1971 and are as follows:

Name

Prefecture

Island

Vai

Lasithi

Crete

Kaisariani

Attica

-

Tempon Thessalikon Valey

Larissa

-

Karaiskaki

Karditsa

-

Xylokastro

Corinthia

-

Panepistimioupolis Patras

Achaia

-

Ioannina

Ioannina

-

Farsalon

Larissa

-

Stenis

Evia

Evia

Ossa Forest Complex

Larissa

-

Mongostou

Corinthia

-

Nikopoleos Mytika

Preveza

-

Skiathos

Magnisia

Skiathos

Nestos River Straits

Xanthi, Kavala

-

Ethnikis Anexartisias Kalavryton

Achaia

-

Tithoreas

Fthiotida

-

Amygdaleona

Kavala

-

Anlia

Trikala

-

Kouri Almyros

Magnisia

-

 

Results
ACHAIA
Strofilia: Τhe pines "extravagance"

In the northwestern part of Peloponnese lies a land blessed by the gods, the Strofilia forest. Like a line of pine trees it separates Prókopos lake from the Ionian Sea. Sand dunes along the cost...

ARTA
Villages in the woods

A dream escape Tourist settlements in select forested areas of Greece have been contributing to developing ecotourism, raising awareness on environmental issues, promoting ecology education and,...

ATTICA
Forest of Aianteio

Aianteio (or Moukli) is a coastal village with many country houses. A pine tree forest covers the whole area from Moukli to Aghios Nikolaos monastery. Aianteio is located 6 km of the town Salamina,...
Kesariani Forest

The aesthetic forest, dominated by cypresses and pines, surrounds the Byzantine Monastery of Kaisariani. Mount Ymittos is a long, narrow mountain (total length 20 km) whose highest peak reaches 1,026...
Parnitha National Park

The area constitutes the nucleus of the Parnitha National Park and spans over the highest parts of Mount Parnitha. It is a wooded area noted primarily for its spreads of the endemic Kefalonia fir...
Sounio National Park

The National Park of Sounio was founded in 1971. It lies on the southeastern edge of Attica, in the area which is commonly called Laureotiki and ends up at the cape of Sounio. It is comprised of...

DRAMA
Forests of Drama

At the Prefecture of Drama, you will find the forests of Elatia , Simidas and Fraktos which has been declared a preserved natural monument because of its great ecological significance. Simida...

EVIA
Steni Forest in Evia

The Aesthetic Forest of Stenis lies on the southern slope of Mount Dirfys. This mountainous area is characterized by varied slopes, ranging from small to steep ones. The soil’s native rocks are...
Villages in the woods

A dream escape Tourist settlements in select forested areas of Greece have been contributing to developing ecotourism, raising awareness on environmental issues, promoting ecology education and,...

EVROS
Dadia Forest

The breathtaking beauty of Dadia Forest spreads on a series of forest hills that are part of a mountainous complex with low peaks at the skirt of Rodópi mountain range. The entire area is known...

FLORINA
Prespes National Park

The National Park of Prespa encompasses the lakes of Mikri and Megali Prespa- in part-, which are separated by a sandy islet of alluvial sediment and are encompassed by tall mountains. Extensive reed...

FOKIDA
Villages in the woods

A dream escape Tourist settlements in select forested areas of Greece have been contributing to developing ecotourism, raising awareness on environmental issues, promoting ecology education and,...

FTHIOTIDA
Oeti National Park

“The National Park of Oeti occupies the highest peaks of Mount Oeti with the exception of the highest peak (Pyrgos, 2,152 m). The prevalent rock is limestone. This is the reason why the park and the...
Tithorea Forest

The Aesthetic Forest of Tirothea lies on the northeastern side of Mount Parnassus and rises above its homonymous village. With an altitude which ranges from 500 m to 1,200 it covers an area of 200...

ILIA
Strofilia: Τhe pines "extravagance"

In the northwestern part of Peloponnese lies a land blessed by the gods, the Strofilia forest. Like a line of pine trees it separates Prókopos lake from the Ionian Sea. Sand dunes along the cost...

IOANNINA
Geoparks in Greece

Greece is a land of major geological change. Millions of years of continuous mountain building have endowed this part of the planet with amazing natural monuments. Five sites of outstanding beauty...
Pindos National Park

The National Park of Pindos (Valia Kalda) comprises a representative section of the mountain range of Pindos. It was founded in 1966 and is characterized by dense forests Pinus nigra and Fagus...
Vikos National Park

The national park lies north of the city of Ioannina, in the region of Zagori. It was designated a National Park in 1973. Its core area consists of the Gorge of Vikos, the length of approximately 10...

KEFALONIA
Enos Forest on Kefalonia

Kefalonia is the biggest Greek island in the area of the Ionian Sea and Mount Ainos is the highest mountain in the same area, with an altitude that surpasses 1,600 m. Mount Ainos is well known not...

KILKIS
Chilia Dentra

In Chilia Dentra location in Mouria forest, 4 km north of Doirani settlement, a beautiful amusement park is created in the center of a 400 years old acorn chaparral. The forest is rare and has...

LACONIA
Geoparks in Greece

Greece is a land of major geological change. Millions of years of continuous mountain building have endowed this part of the planet with amazing natural monuments. Five sites of outstanding beauty...

LARISSA
Forest complex Ossa

The area consists of the forest complex of the northeastern side of Mount Ossa. It begins at sea-level and reaches the highest peak of Profitis Ilias (1980 m). At lower altitudes, the main form of...
Forest of Tebi Valley in Thessaly

It is an extensive valley of the Pinios River with high and steep rocky slopes, wooded declivities, a riverside forest and maquis. This significant aesthetic forest, with the natural springs of Agia...

LASSITHI
Vai

The area consists of the palm forest of Crete which has already been designated as an "Aesthetic Forest". It is the largest area of palm trees (Phoenix theophrastii) existing in Crete in contrast to...

LESVOS
Geoparks in Greece

Greece is a land of major geological change. Millions of years of continuous mountain building have endowed this part of the planet with amazing natural monuments. Five sites of outstanding beauty...
The Petrified Forest of Lesvos

A unique natural monument Petrified trunks, scattered over an area of 150 square kilometres surrounded by the settlements of Sigri, Eressos and Antissa in western Lesvos, bear witness to an...

MAGNESIA
Koukounaria Forest

Skiathos is the most western island of the Northern Sporades. The area of Koukounaries is situated in the southern part of the island of Skiathos and consists of : a) a mixed forest spanning over...
Oak tree forest of Almiros Magnesia

Lowland mixed forest of oak located adjacent to Almyros Magnesias. The wider area is composed of a coastal wetland lying between the communities of Platanos and Sourpi. In particular, the area has a...

PIERIA
Olympus National Park

The predominance of limestone greatly influences the climate and the appearance of the vegetation. As a result of the limestone, the basic features are the deep valleys and steep slopes (Enipea...

XANTHI
Chaintous forest

In Rodopi mountain chain, where Greece shares boarders with Bulgaria, you can see Drimos forest also known as Chaintou. In Chaintou forest you will meet the gigantic age-long beech trees that reach...
Erymanthos Forest Village

Erymanthos Forest Village (Xanthi Prefecture, 10 km away from Leivaditis) offers specially arranged entertainment areas, accommodation and restaurants. Not far from the Village, visitors can reach...

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