With hardly 45 permanent residents and a land mass of 17.5 sq. km., the islet of Antikythera (or, differently, Tsirigoto) is found between the islands of Kythera and Crete. Its inhabitants are in fishing, cattle-breeding, apiculture and vine-growing. The history of the island is faded away in the Prehistoric years. Its first inhabitants are thought to be the Dolopes, which were followed by the Dryopes and the Cretans. The Roman conquerors sent here their unwanted and unsubdued subjects, while later the island became a lair of pirates. At the beginning of the 20th century two bronze objects of great archaeological value were recovered from the sea of Antikythera: the famous Adolescent of Antikythera (340 B.C.) and the mechanism for astronomical and calendar calculations (around 80 B.C.), that are displayed in the National Archaeological Museum. Being an ideal destination for quiet vacations, the island is characterized by a rare wild beauty, with low hills, rich flora and fauna, picturesque country chapels, caves and a lot of paths, which give a unique occasion for walks and excursions on foot. The islet of Antikythera has a distance of 17 naval miles from the cape Kapello, in the southern utmost of Kythera. There is a coastal line from Piraeus port, Gythio, Neapoli (prefecture of Laconia), Kythera and the Kasteli Kissamos (Prefecture of Chania-Crete).
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