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Museum of the Ancient Greek musical instruments and toys & games

The Museum of the Ancient Greek musical instruments and toys & games operates in Katakolo under the auspices of the Municipality of Pyrgos, in the Latsis building next to the Museum of Ancient Greek technology and includes 42 ancient Greek musical instruments accompanied by detailed descriptions and diagrams after research, study and construction by Kostas Kotsanas. The instruments (some of which appear on the website www.kotsanas.com) operate and their construction is based on ancient Greek literature and vase paintings. Some of the exhibits are: the monochord, the helikon and the syntonon of Pythagoras, with which the great philosopher studied the musical scales and proved the mathematical relations that define them. The lyra of Hermes, the first stringed instrument with a tortoise shell and ox skin soundbox, goat horn arms and sheep gut strings. The majestic guitar of Apollo, a technologically complex instrument with balancing weights, prominent cam rotating string tension spirals, flexible curlicues for a wave-like resonance and an adjustable bridge for the changing of musical notes. The pandoura, the predecessor of all contemporary stringed instruments with frets (i.e. the lute, the bouzouki, the baglamas, etc.). The eminent Homeric phorminx and the archaic guitar, the Dionysian barbitos, Orpheus’ guitar, the harp of Sappho, the triangular harp, the sambyke, the clappers, the Ptolemaic helicon, etc., supplement the ancient Greek stringed instruments. The aulos, the diaulos, the askaulos, the panpipes, the salpinx, the tympanon and the rhoptron, the cymbals, the clappers, the rattles, the kroupezion, the psithyra and the copper-phone are some of the wind and percussion instruments. Lastly, the impressive hydraulis of Ctesibius, the first worldwide keyboard instrument, dominates the end of the exhibition, from which the visitors may hear the song of Seikilos, the most ancient complete musical composition.

For more information and reservations call: 698-3239032

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